The Lyric Fine Arts Theatre opened on January 14, 1914 in Birmingham, Alabama. It was built for Louis V. Clark by C.K Howell, the architect of many theaters on the B.F. Keith vaudeville circuit in the South. Clark leased the theater to Jake Wells who owned and managed a number of theaters, including the nearby Bijou Theatre. The Lyric’s opening was delayed due to a legal dispute with the Orpheum Theatre over where shows on the B.F. Keith’s vaudeville circuit would play.
The 1,583 seat Lyric was designed as a vaudeville theater, with high walls and close seats for better acoustics during performances. It was the last theater built in Birmingham exclusively for vaudeville performances. Over the years, a number of famous vaudeville acts performed at the Lyric including; Hardeen, the brother of Houdini, the Marx Brothers, Mae West, Sophie Tucker, Milton Berle, Rube Goldberg, Buster Keaton, Roy Rogers, Gene Autry and Will Rogers. In 1925, an organ was installed and silent movies began showing with the vaudeville performances.
Wells lost his theater chain during the Great Depression, and the Lyric closed. It reopened on April 25, 1932 as a movie theater. The first film shown was “A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court,” starring Will Rogers. Later that year, the theater was leased to Paramount and became a second run theater, showing movies that had originally played at other theaters in Birmingham. In 1945, it was purchased out of foreclosure by the Waters Theater Company, who continued to operate it as a second-run theater until it closed again in 1958.
The theater remained closed during the 1960s, but in 1964 the Birmingham Committee of 100 looked into renovating the Lyric as a civic center – they were unable to raise the estimated $300,000 needed to restore the theater. Eight years later in 1972, Dee Sloan and Robert Whorton leased the theater, renovated the main level, and reopened the Lyric as the Grand Bijou Motion Picture Theatre on April 19,1973. The theater was a revival house showing pre-1940s movies, beginning with “The Jazz Singer,” starring Al Jolson. It was not successful, and closed soon after. The Lyric reopened again for a short time as the Roxy Adult Cinema in the late 1970s, showing adult movies. Later, a beauty salon opened in the lobby and sealed off the auditorium.
In 1993, the building was sold to Birmingham Landmarks for $10 by the Waters family. Birmingham Landmarks, who already restored and reopened the nearby Alabama Theatre, plan to reopen the Lyric after an extensive restoration. They’ve currently raised over $6 million, and have recently installed a new marquee on the building. When the theater reopens it will be used as a rental facility for local and touring acts. You can make a donation to help the restoration at: http://lightupthelyric.com/
The information in this post was obtained with the help of the Theatre Historical Society of America, for more information including how to join – check out their website at www.historictheatres.org
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